香港護照你又知多少?

Good Magazine recently released an infographic (pictured below) ranking the most powerful passports in the world. The list is based on the number of countries a passport holder can travel to without a visa.

Good Magazine 最近出了一個 Infographic 有關世界上最強大的護照,標準是根據該護照可以讓護照持有者無需 VISA 去到幾多個國家。

In case you’re wondering, the U.S. passport is not the strongest. Based on the list, the United Kingdom, Finland, and Sweden can travel to 173 countries without a visa, versus the U.S.’s 172. To all you hardcore Americans, we didn’t lose by much so your egos are saved.

避免大家有先入為主的錯覺,其實美國護照不是最厲害。根據 Figure 1,英國、芬蘭及瑞典護照持有者可以去到173個國家無需 visa ,相比起美國,其護照只能去到172個國家。

However, a recent article by Shanghaiist brings up an interesting point. As mentioned before, the list is based off of the amount of countries you can travel to visa-free, but it doesn’t take into account the size of these countries and how big their populations are. With that being said, Shanghaiist argues that the most powerful passport on earth is actually drum roll the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport.

然而最近有一篇在 Shanghaiist 的文章帶起了一個非常有趣的議題。Figure 1中的資料是描述「幾多個」國家你可以無需 visa 進入,但它卻沒有說明這些國家的面積及人口是多少。所以 Shanghaiist 批評,香港特別行政區護照才是全世界最厲害、最強大。

Cover_of_HKSAR_e-Passport
Compared to the countries on top of the list, a HKSAR passport only allows you to travel to 152 countries visa-free. However, these countries make up a total of 79.5 million square kilometers and include 3.8 billion of the world’s population. If you compared these figures to Finland and Sweden, who are at the top of Good Magazine’s list, the countries they have access to only make up 52 million square kilometers with 2.1 billion of the world’s population.

對比其他在 Figure 1 的國家,沒錯,香港護照只能帶你去到152國家(無需簽証)。但是,這152個國家一共佔有795,000 km2 的全球面積及 38,000,000 的全球人口。相比芬蘭及瑞典,這兩個國家的護照持有者只能進入總共 520,000 km2 的全球面積及21,000,000 的全球人口。

Why is this so you ask? After Hong Kong was handed back to China in 1997 (Hong Kong used to be owned by the U.K. in case any of you failed world history), the country was still able to keep their own separate passport. Because of that, HKSAR passport holders received a lot of the same privileges U.K passport holders carry. These privileges include free access to Canada, New Zealand, and the European Schengen area. Other perks include unlimited access to mainland China thanks to the “Home Return Permit,” as well as visa-free traveling to Russia, Kazakhstan (shoutout to Borat!), and Mongolia.

為什麼會這樣子?在1997年英國政府將曾是英屬地的香港的政治行使權交還給中國後,香港人能夠存留他們的護照,分開中國護照及香港特區護照。因此香港護照持有者仍然保留英國護照持有者所擁有的特權,例如免簽証去加拿大、紐西蘭及歐盟國家,還有其他新增的特權如:不限來回中國內地的次數、免簽証去俄羅斯、哈薩克斯坦及內蒙古。

With that being said. Hong Kong citizens rejoice! Your passports kicks everyone’s asses!

所以,香港人應該為身為香港人而驕傲!你所擁有的護照根本是所向無敵,無人能及!

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Figure 1

 

Source: http://nextshark.com/which-country-has-the-most-powerful-passport-u-s-sweden-youll-never-guess-the-answer/